Trigger Study Questions - Ch. 1-5, 7-9

Trigger Study Questions - Ch. 1-5, 7-9 - Study Questions...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Study Questions Trigger, Preface and Chapter 1 The Relevance of Archaeological History Chapter 1 1. Trigger’s primary goal in his book is to evaluate, from a historical perspective, the claims of three alternative epistemological approaches in archaeology. List and define each of these epistemologies. Positivist epistemologists state that society and culture exert no major influence on the development of archaeology, which is formed by explanations based on explicit theories that are tested in the light of sufficient evidence and according to the proper scientific methods. Social context doesn’t influence archaeological interpretations. The main goal is explaining the past. Data can only be read in a certain way. Extreme relativists believe that the interpretation of archaeological data is so influenced by the culture and society of the archaeologist that objectivity is impossible. There is no such thing as objective knowledge. There is no singular truth, but many possible opposing truths. Moderate relativists argue that archaeological interpretations are influenced by society, culture and self-interest, but maintain that archaeological evidence constrains speculation and limits the possibilities of interpretation. 2. Trigger discusses a number of approaches to examining the history of archaeology. What approach does Trigger use in tracing the history of archaeological thought? Why does he take that approach? He takes a historical perspective or approach. He believes this approach offers a special vantage point from which to examine social and cultural milieu. The time perspective offers a different basis for studying the ties between archaeology and society than do philosophical or sociological approaches and it permits the researcher to identify the influence of subjective factors by looking at how and under what circumstances the interpretations of the archaeological record have changed. Theoretical approaches are not independent of social influence; it’s the history of archaeology within social context. Our understanding of the past has been irreversibly changed because of archaeological investigation. 3. What other approaches to the history of archaeology does Trigger discuss? Series of stages - speculative period (1482-1840), classificatory-descriptive (objects only), classificatory-historical, and explanatory (based on the previous division of the history of American archaeology into three stages: Speculative, Empirical and Explanatory) Baconian model – classificatory-descriptive: typologies invented, in the time of Darwin, archaeology was becoming professionalized, university departments of
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
anthropology were being established; classificatory-historical: excavation techniques were systemized, stratigraphy, time-depth and C14 dating were in use David Clarke – claimed that the pre-1960’s archaeology had consisted of isolated regional traditions of research, each following its own individual and uncritical practices; pre-scientific approaches were replaced by new, sophisticated, self-critical,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course ARC 455 taught by Professor Mcandrews during the Spring '08 term at Wisc La Crosse.

Page1 / 14

Trigger Study Questions - Ch. 1-5, 7-9 - Study Questions...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online