1 Health Law, Regulations, and Policy Paper Michelle Hobbs HCS/545 June 13, 2016 Qiana Amos
2 Health Law, Regulation, and Policy Paper Today’s health care industry is more than just providing medical services to individuals in need; it encompasses various laws, regulations, and policies that direct how care should be provided and what the ramifications of non-compliance will have on the health care provider and the organizations where services are rendered. There are various kinds of laws, regulations, and policies that affect the health care industry. Some may believe that laws, regulations, and policies all have the same requirements, benefits, and implications, but there are differences between the three and the impact they have on health care. As the ability of the health care industry continues to expand, the need for additional laws, regulations, and policies will be necessary to ensure the quality and equitable delivery of medical services continues to improve alongside the medical services. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 One law that governs the manner in which health care services are rendered is Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law states “no person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance (United States Department of Labor, n.d.). For health care organizations and providers, this act prohibits them from receiving federal funds if they are engaged in racial segregations or other forms of discrimination (Smith, 2005). While it may seem that Title VI would have eliminated segregation in health care, there are still areas where segregation with regards to disparities and the reduction of services in less economically viable communities. Smith (2005) indicates that the four main conclusions regarding discrimination in health care are disparities and inequalities regarding Medicare discharge data of elderly beneficiaries which suggests a variation and the persistence of segregation in hospital care, the elimination or reduction in state’s Certificate of Need programs which changed the development of medical
3 expansion from a social investment into a business matter, profitable services are being expanded in affluent areas which are predominantly white and a reduction in services in minority areas, and differences in populations being exaggerated. It is apparent that more effort needs to be put into the enforcement and interpretation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ensure the meaning of the act is applied throughout the health care industry. Relationship between Law and Policy in Health Care A policy is a means of outlining a governmental or organizational goal to be achieved and the method by which to obtain the goal. Although a policy is not a law, it often leads to new laws to attain the stated goals (Education and Training Unit, n.d.).
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