ARC 455 - Study Questions - Johnson Chs 4-5

ARC 455 - Study Questions - Johnson Chs 4-5 - Marisa...

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Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Johnson Chapters 4-5 Processual Archaeology Johnson, Chapter 4 1. What is Middle Range Theory? Middle Range Theory describes how people use objects and structures and the human behaviors associated with this use. Middle range theory links archaeological data with the relevant aspects of human behavior or natural processes. 2. Johnson argues that Binford's Middle Range Theory is based on uniformitarian assumptions. What does he mean by this? We have to assume that conditions in the past were like those in the present. If conditions in the past varied, anything could be true and actualistic studies in the present do not offer a secure guide to what might have happened. 3. According to Johnson, what are the main problems with Middle Range Theory? 1) We can never know for sure if the uniformitarian assumption is correct or not. 2) People are influenced by cultural ideas in their behavior. These ideas affect everything from obvious cultural aspects to trivial activities. Johnson, Chapter 5
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course ARC 455 taught by Professor Mcandrews during the Spring '08 term at Wisc La Crosse.

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ARC 455 - Study Questions - Johnson Chs 4-5 - Marisa...

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