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ARC 455 - Study Questions - Johnson Chs 6-7

ARC 455 - Study Questions - Johnson Chs 6-7 - Johnson...

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Johnson Chapters 6-7 Cognitive and Post-Processual Archaeology Johnson, Chapter 6 1. Why does Johnson argue that getting at past thoughts and beliefs is necessary ? 1. We all make assumptions about the past whether we like it or not. We cannot assume things are “normal” or “natural” in human beings and we cannot be endocentric. 2. If we are going to relate archaeological evidence to documentary evidence, then some attention must be paid to the mental attitudes and ideas that played their part in producing that evidence. 3. It is almost impossible to describe human behavior without referring to mental concepts. We understand actions by reference to their context. 2. Johnson discusses three kinds of cognitive archaeology: Cognitive-Processual, Structuralism, and Marxism. How does he define each? 1. Cognitive-Processual – a way of looking at cognition within the general assumptions and framework of processualism 2. Structuralism – culture is like language; implicit (hidden), not explicit (surface); 3. Marxism – a materialist philosophy (proposes material things are more
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  • Spring '08
  • Archaeology, Material Culture, Post-Processual Archaeology Johnson, different archaeological interpretations, various Interpretive Archaeologies., Post-Processualists/Interpretive archaeologists risk

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