ARC 455 - Study Questions - Conkey and Spector 1984

ARC 455 - Study Questions - Conkey and Spector 1984 -...

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Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Study Questions Conkey and Spector 1984 Archaeology and the Study of Gender 1. What are Conkey and Spector's two major purposes for this review and study of gender in archaeology? They believe that the study of gender and archaeology should make it clear how archaeology has substantiated a set of culture-specific beliefs about the meaning of masculine and feminine, about the capabilities of men and women, about their power relations, and about their appropriate roles in society. They argue that archaeology, like other traditional disciplines viewed through the lens of feminist criticism, has been neither objective nor inclusive on the subject of gender and because archaeologists lack an explicit framework for conceptualizing and researching gender and, more widely, social roles, they have drawn upon a framework that is implicit and rooted in their own contemporary experience. 2. What is androcentrism and in what ways has it been manifested in the discipline of Anthropology? Androcentrism is a male-centered bias. It reflects the dependence upon the ethnographic record in structuring archaeological work. Archaeologists depend upon unbiased ethnographic and anthropological work, which is not always what they receive. 3. What is the "Man the Hunter" model of human evolution and how is it infused with gender bias? Crystallized by Washburn and Lancaster and elaborated upon by Laughlin, this model
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ARC 455 - Study Questions - Conkey and Spector 1984 -...

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