ARC 455 - Study Questions - Hegmon 2003

ARC 455 Study - Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Study Questions Hegmon 2003 Setting Theoretical Egos Aside Issues and Theory in North American

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Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Study Questions Hegmon 2003 Setting Theoretical Egos Aside: Issues and Theory in North American Archaeology 1. How does Hegmon define theory? Theory is a set of general guiding principles that help us make sense of specific cases and the world around us. It gives us tools to identify, label, and explain. It is at once enabling and constraining. 2. Hegmon perceives two parts to the North American theoretical landscape. One part is composed of three different perspectives, and the other part includes what she calls Processual-Plus approaches. List and describe the three different perspectives of the first part. 1. evolutionary ecology – an evolutionary science concerned with the differential persistence of variability in behavior over time 2. behavioral archaeology – focuses on the relationship between human behaviors and material culture in all times and all places; focus is on behavior and the way behavior created the archaeological record 3. Darwinian archaeology – brings Darwinian theory to bear on the archaeological record and thus to replace general concepts of cultural evolution with a more rigorous and scientific understanding of evolution 3. What does she mean by Processual-Plus? Give some examples. Processual-plus refers to scholars who are processual, but are also interested in other perspectives, and some explicitly try to combine processual and post- processual insights. This label is not intended to imply that there is one unified theory. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course ARC 455 taught by Professor Mcandrews during the Spring '08 term at Wisc La Crosse.

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ARC 455 Study - Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Study Questions Hegmon 2003 Setting Theoretical Egos Aside Issues and Theory in North American

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