ARC 455 - Study Questions - Schiffer and Flannery

ARC 455 - Study Questions - Schiffer and Flannery - Marisa...

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Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Study Questions Schiffer 1972 Archaeological Context and Systemic Context Flannery 1973 Archaeology with a Capital "S" 1. Define Schiffer's concepts Systemic Context and Archaeological Context. Systemic context: labels the condition of an element which is participating in a behavioral system. Archaeological context: describes materials which have passed through a cultural system, and which are now the objects of investigation of archaeologists. 2. Outline Schiffer's model on how things enter the archaeological record. What do you think of his model? All elements enter a system, are modified, broken down, or combined with other elements, used, and eventually discarded. Durable elements go through procurement, manufacture, use, maintenance, and discard. Consumable elements go through procurement, preparation, consumption, and discard. Some problems include storage and transport and not all elements go through a unilinear path through the system. Two varieties of reuse are recycling and lateral cycling. Refuse labels the post- discard condition of an element (the condition of no longer participating in a
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course ARC 455 taught by Professor Mcandrews during the Spring '08 term at Wisc La Crosse.

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ARC 455 - Study Questions - Schiffer and Flannery - Marisa...

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