ARC 455 - Study Questions - Shanks and Hodder 1995

ARC 455 - Study Questions - Shanks and Hodder 1995 - Marisa...

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Marisa Meisner Spring 2008 Study Questions Shanks and Hodder 1995 Interpreting Archaeology: Finding Meaning in the Past 1. Shanks and Hodder identify five main characteristics of Processual Archaeology. List and discuss each. 1. Archaeology conceived as anthropological science rather than allied with history. 2. Explanation of the past valued over description. 3. Explanation via incorporation of particular observations of the material past into cross-cultural generalizations pertaining to (natural and social) process. 4. Explanations via explicit methodologies modeled on the hard sciences. 5. An earlier interest in laws of human behavior has shifted to an interest in formation processes of the archaeological record – regularities which will allow inferences about processes to be made from material remains. 2. What five conceptions of Culture (or in their words, "the social") do Shanks and Hodder discuss? 1. Society is essentially composed of patterned sets of behavior. 2. Material culture and material residues, the products of processes which form the archaeological record, reflect the patterned behavior which is society, or they are the result of natural processes which can be defined scientifically. 3. Society is a mode of human adaptation to the social and natural environment. 4. Explaining social process means focusing on those features of the society which most relate to adaptation to environments: resources, subsistence and economic strategies, trade and exchange, technology, Attention has however and more recently,
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course ARC 455 taught by Professor Mcandrews during the Spring '08 term at Wisc La Crosse.

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ARC 455 - Study Questions - Shanks and Hodder 1995 - Marisa...

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