GE80A Human Aging CH. 16,17 Review

GE80A Human Aging CH. 16,17 Review - Chapter 16 The basic...

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Chapter 16 The basic sociological approach to stratification views inequality as a product of social processes, not innate differences between individuals. The central question in the study of stratification is how social inequality is produced, maintained, and transmitted from one generation to another. Theory of Cumulative Disadvantage – inequality is not a static outcome but rather a cumulative process that unfolds over the life course. Poverty rate - % of people below the poverty labels Poverty rates are lower among older people. Very young and very old women have lowest incomes. Gender is a better predictor of economic security than age. Income disparities by race and ethnic origin are due in part to differences in sources of income. Minorities major source of income – social security. Largest source of racial disparity – income from assets. Inequality in old age is not random but rather demonstrates a persistent pattern. An individuals work history determines his or her income security in old age. Women’s familial responsibilities over the life course cause them to have lower incomes in the future. Women obtain Social Security benefits in two ways – history of paid work and unpaid household labor, as dependents of male breadwinners. Because they have lower earnings, womens social security benefits are less than men’s.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course GE CLUST 226-270-20 taught by Professor Damron-rodriguez,/effros,r.b./malmgren during the Fall '07 term at UCLA.

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GE80A Human Aging CH. 16,17 Review - Chapter 16 The basic...

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