GE80A Human Aging CH. 11 [F+F] Review

GE80A Human Aging CH. 11 [F+F] Review - Quadagno pg. 3-5,...

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Quadagno pg. 3-5, 126-127, 307-309 Biological aging is the structural and functional changes that occur in an organism over time. Senescence – increased vulnerability to stress and the increased probability of death Active life expectancy – measure of the number of years a person can expect to live without a disability. Varies by gender and race. ADL – bathing, eating, toileting IADL – taking medicine, light housework, running errands Compression of morbidity thesis – pg. 308 Diagnostic measure – a medical diagnosis of a disease Functional status – degree of difficulty an individual experiences in performing activities of daily life. 250000 deaths 12% have been estimated to be due to lack of regular physical activity. Physical activity decreases death rate, reduces body fat and weight, improves lipid profile, improves insulin sensitivity, increase cardiovascular endurance and aerobic capacity, maintains bone mass, increases muscle mass and strength, increases postural stability, balance, and flexibility, and improves well-being, sleep and cognitive function. Sarcopenia – muscle loss associated with aging Two most common nutritional problems of American elders: overnutrition and undernutrition. Obesity, malnutrition, and unintentional weight loss. BMI between 19 to 22 provides best health and lowest mortality. Good eating habits can prevent or reduce the progress of many chronic diseases. Sexuality Chapter 11 America is a youth-oriented, consumer-based society. Cosmetic industry takes advantage of this. Sexuality of older people isn’t taken seriously. Sexual activity is practiced by elders in their 80s and 90s. Starr and Weiner questioned more than 800 elders 60-91 about sexual attitudes and feelings. 96% women and 99% men answered yes to liking sex. One study of 1202 white married men 55-94 showed intercourse frequency to be 3.6 times a month among 55-59 but 1.3 times a month for 85-94. Reduced sexual activity with advancing age and declining health affects activity and satisfaction. Another major factor – availability of a partner. Health problems and medication, boredom, career or economic pursuits, mental or physical fatigue or infirmity, overindulgence in food or drink, and fear of impotence. Masturbation maintains elasticity and lubrication of vagina for women and preserves ability to have erection for men. Orgasms reduce stress and induce sleep. These surveys are not 100% accurate. 1960s William Masters and Virginia Johnson physiological sexual response of studies
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GE80A Human Aging CH. 11 [F+F] Review - Quadagno pg. 3-5,...

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