NotesSet2 - Set 2 Pg. 1 Religion: Why so many? Many...

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Set 2 Pg. 1 Religion: Why so many? Many religions in history (8 major religions, in chronological order): Hinduism, Judaism, Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Islam, Shintoism Why are there so many? - Always understand truth from our own cultural perspective o Telescope analogy: trying to find Mystery by looking at the entire universe, we want to see the whole picture, but stars are really far away (like God is hard to understand), so we need to use a telescope, but we can only see part of the universe through the telescope. o 1 Corinthians 13:12 - Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known. - Truth can only be discovered through dialogue o Purpose of dialogue in world religions: - Not to say everything is good and true People are going to come up with different perspectives and idea, but they are not all right and true. Relativism is the philosophical position that holds that since we can never be absolutely sure about truth, we can’t really judge the other - Not to form one universal religion Syncretism is the putting together of a new universal religion out of the best parts of different religions. - Not to impose views on other person Imperialism is the imposing of religious views and values on another person. - To find common ground Dialogue with emphasis on global responsibility o Human suffering, poverty, abuse of power, violence, and environmental problems are everywhere o Global ethics are a common system of values of nations and peoples of the world in regards to society. (Declaration of a Global Ethic of the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago, 1993) Dialogue of prayer o Attempt to use other forms of prayer- meditation (World Day of Prayer, 1986 in Assisi, Italy. John Paul II, also repeated in 2002) o Theological Dialogue Studying scriptures, doctrine, practice (documents, ritual practices)
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Set 2 Pg. 2 Western Religions: Abrahamic Faiths Judaism Christianity Islam - Monotheistic o Omnipotent, omniscient deity o Created universe, exists apart from creation o Revealed through creation, scripture, other people, Jesus in Christianity - Human beings made in image of God o Interpersonal relationship with God - Morality is based on learning will of God o Free will to live out will of God individually and in community o Dualism  is the struggle between good and evil - Time is linear- person has a single life span to attain eternal life, resurrection of body Judaism- - Development is tied to history o 2000 BCE-  Abraham was called by Yahweh (God) to leave home in Ur and migrate to Canaan, the Promised  Land (From Genesis).
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course THEO 111 taught by Professor Lim during the Spring '08 term at Xavier.

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NotesSet2 - Set 2 Pg. 1 Religion: Why so many? Many...

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