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Running head: THE CASE OF MARGARITA1The Case of MargaritaRosalind SimsCapella UniversityThe Case of MargaritaThe person-centered psychotherapy was developed by the American psychologist Carl Rogers. It implies special and extremely delicate attitude of the therapist towards the identity of the client. Kolpachnikov (2013) claims that person-centered therapy, as appears from the name, is applied in individual treatment of the patient and is directed to his or her personality. This theory has a subjective view of the human experience, emphasizes self-awareness and personal growth. According to Capuzzi & Gross (2011), the client is the center with this approach and thecounselor’s role to clarify what the client is expressing and be empathetic. When utilizing the person-centered theory, clients can expect to learn how to make their own decisions, learn from their mistakes, identify emotional triggers, increase their positive relationships with others, and decrease guilt and defensiveness (Capuzzi & Gross, 2011). The purpose of this method is
THE CASE OF MARGARITA2correcting inharmonious behavior and destructive reactions of the patient which lead to neurotic frustration.The technique has arisen in the middle of the twentieth century in the USA that has left a certain historical and cultural mark on it. According to Hobcraft and Sigle-Rushton (2005), in theAmerican society of that time democratic traditions were strengthened, the idea of the American dream became very popular. In Carl Rogers's concept this idea was reflected as in a mirror. According to Cox (2015), the person-centered approach is focused on inspiring the person on personal fulfillments. this theory explains that an individual will attain self actualization given that the person is socialized in the right and good environment (Levitt, 2008). This theory can be applied to engage a client with a mental health problem by putting him/her in the right environment in order to notice any change in behavior. Therefore, the theory will ensure that the counselor detects any form of stress and depression that the client is experiencing and counsel him or her appropriately. When utilizing the person-centered theory, clients can expect to learn how to make their own decisions, learn from their mistakes, identify emotional triggers, increase their positive relationships with others, and decrease guilt and defensiveness (Capuzzi & Gross, 2011). It is also aimed to prove to the person that he or she can independently overcome all problems.