History 121 Midterm Study Guide - History 121 Midterm Study...

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History 121 Midterm Study Guide14 Points Plan-Created by Woodrow Wilson at the end of World War I. The core principles President Wilson saw as the basis for lasting peace, including freedom of the seas, open diplomacy, and self-determination for colonial peoples1.No more secret agreements between countries. Diplomacy shall be open to the world.2.International seas shall be free to navigate during peace and war. 3.There shall be free trade between the countries who accept the peace. 4.There shall be a worldwide reduction in weapons and armies by all countries. 5.Colonial claims over land and regions will be fair. 6.Russia will be allowed to determine its own form of government. All German troops will leave Russian soil. 7.German troops will evacuate Belgium and Belgium will be an independent country.8.France will regain all territory including the disputed land of Alsace-Lorraine. 9.The borders of Italy will be established such that all Italians will be within the country of Italy. 10.Austria-Hungary will be allowed to continue to be an independent country. 11.The Central Powers will evacuate Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania leaving them as independentcountries. 12.The Turkish people of the Ottoman Empire will have their own country. Other nationalities under the Ottoman rule will also have security13.Poland shall be an independent country. 14.A League of Nations will be formed that protects the independence of all countries no matter how big or small.14/15 Amendments-14th1868 Civil Rights in the States; All persons born or naturalized in the United States are subject to its laws and cannot be denied any of the rights and privileges contained in the Constitution.-15th1870 Black suffrage: Citizens cannot be denied their right to vote because of their race or color or because they were once slaves.-1882 act that banned Chinese immigration into the United States and prohibited those Chinese already in the country from becoming naturalized American citizens19th Amendment-It gave women the right to vote-Section 1: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. -Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Allied/ Axis Powers-WWII-The main Allied powers were Great Britain, The United States, China, and the Soviet Union. The leaders of the Allies were Franklin Roosevelt (the United States), Winston Churchill (Great Britain), and Joseph Stalin (the Soviet Union)-The main Axis powers were Germany, Japan and Italy. The Axis leaders were Adolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy), and Emperor Hirohito (Japan).-Atomic Age -December 1938-German Scientists- Enrico Fermi & Leo Szilard- uranium as the material to sustain the reaction-December 2, 1942 -at University of Chicago-1st controlled nuclear fission chain reaction in a tent on the squash field-Manhattan Project- 2.0 billion dollars/ 120,000 people 37 locations in 19 states- US Army

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