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Unformatted text preview: The purpose of research- To bring about a closer correspondence between what is and what we think is- The scientist tries to see things as they are, not as he or she wants them to be o What the empirical world exists out there is like empirical - Empirical o Objective and systematic observations of the world- Empirical research o Research based on objective and systematic observations Through observation, one attempts to figure out a pattern Theory- A set of statements or propositions that explains or predicts a particular aspect of social life Steps in a research process- Its not necessary linear, can jump all over the place- 1) select a topic o What do you want to know more about?- 2) define the problem o Narrow the topic o What specific area of this general topic do you want to study? Eg, domestic violence Narrow down to domestic violence among gay relationships, gender role in domestic violence, childrens development, etc- 3) review the literature o Find out what has already been researched about this topic- 4) formulate a hypothesis or a research question o Hypothesis What do you intend to test? Whats the relationship between the variables? Variables: any characteristic, attitude, behavior, or event that can vary or change from one person or situation to another o Research question What do you want to know? Types of research questions: Factual question: what happened? o During the 1980s, there was an increase in the proportion of women in their thirties bearing children for the first time Comparative question: did this happen everywhere?...
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- Spring '06