Ant_2_Mid-term_review_sheet

Ant_2_Mid-term_review_sheet - Ant 2 Mid-term exam Review...

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Ant 2 Mid-term exam Review Sheet The exam will be multiple choice, with some short definitions and a medium length essay. You should have read the readings and be able to answer questions about them. Some questions you are likely to see include some variation of the following. What Anthropologists do 1. Understand what it means to say that anthropology is the holistic and comparative study of humanity. Anthropology is holistic in that it tries to fit together all that is known about human beings, drawing on findings of many different disciplines that study human beings, as well as data on similar topics that they have collected and attempt to produce an encompassing picture of human life. It is comparative in that it must consider similarities and differences in as a wide range of human beings societies as possible before generalizing about what it means to be human. 2. Be able to identify and distinguish between the four subfields of anthropology, and know which one this class is on. The four subfields of anthropology are biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and archaeology. Biological anthropology looks at human beings as biological organisms, and the different aspects of human biology. Cultural anthropology focuses how variation in beliefs and behaviors of members of different human groups is shaped by culture, which is the set of learned behaviors and ideas that human beings acquire as members of society. Linguistic anthropology is concerned with the study of human languages, which are the systems of arbitrary vocal symbols used to encode experiences of the world and of one another. Lastly, archaeology is the cultural anthropology of the human past, involving analysis of the material remains of earlier human societies. 3. Know what ethnography is and what “an ethnography” is. Ethnography is a scholarly work about a specific way of life. 4. Be able to understand the methods of anthropology and how they differ from the other social sciences (e.g., participant observation) The methods used in anthropology are participant observation, interviews, censuses, surveys, and even statistical sampling techniques when appropriate. The Concept of Culture 1
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5. Understand what it means to say that culture is learned, shared, symbolic, all- encompassing, and more or less integrated. See Core Concepts and lectures. Culture is learned in that it is not determined by nature, or biology. It is un- nurtured and learned through experiences. It is shared in that one cannot have his own culture; it has to be reaffirmed by other members. It is symbolic in that the people who share that same culture all assign the same meanings to things, making it all encompassing. It is also more or less integrated in that such arbitrary symbols of that culture become necessary and leads to other symbols. 6.
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Ant_2_Mid-term_review_sheet - Ant 2 Mid-term exam Review...

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