Feb 6 - Memory and Emotion Memory - Memory is the basis for...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Memory - Memory is the basis for knowing your friends, your neighbors, the English language, the national anthem, and yourself - If memory was nonexistent, everyone would be a stranger to you; every language foreign; every task new; and even you yourself would be a stranger. The phenomenon of memory - Memory is any indication that learning has persisted over time. it is our ability to store and retrieve information. - It is the capacity of the nervous system to acquire and retain usable skills and knowledge, allowing organisms to benefit from experience Studying memory: information processing models - Memory: encoding storage retrieval Information processing - The Atkinson-Schiffrin (1968) three-stage model of memory includes o Sensory memory o Short-term memory o Long-term memory - See note Modifications to the three-stage model - Working memory o A newer understanding of short-term memory that involves conscious, active processing of incoming audory and visual- Encoding: getting information in - How we encode o Some information (route to your school) is automatically processed. o However, new or unusual information (friend’s new cell- phone number) requires attention and effort Rehearsal - Effortful learning usually requires rehearsal or conscious repetition - Ebbinghaus Studied rehearsal by using nonsense syllables: TUV YOF GEK XOZ o The more times the nonsense syllables were practiced on Day 1, the fewer repetitions were required to remember them on day 2 o Aka: more practice, easier readapt in short time Memory effects - Spacing effect: we retain information better when we rehearse over time - Serial position effect: your recall is better for first and last items on a list, but poor for middle items. Storage: retaining information - Storage is at the heart of memory. - See note Sensory memory - The duration of sensory memory varies fro the different sense. o
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course PSC 1 taught by Professor Prokosch during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 6

Feb 6 - Memory and Emotion Memory - Memory is the basis for...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online