feb 27 - Developmental psychology Development - Starts...

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Developmental psychology Development - Starts prenatally What’s your earliest memory - What is your earliest memory? - Infantile amnesia o No memory is picked up before age 2 o Can’t form memory due to no word association - Source amnesia o Source monitoring errors Be confused by the source of memory because of story-telling  from relative/pictures/ video Cognitive development and aging - Dementia and Alzheimer’s o Older people have difficulty with tasks that require them to remember  more than one piece at one time o Can be avoided by staying mentally active in social interaction - Time needed for learning new tasks - Active social life  Attachment Vygotsky - Zone of proximal development o How much you can do vs. how much better you can do with guidance  o “Scaffoding” 1. Private speech (one talks to himself) 2. Inner speech (talking in the head) - Social constructivist  Social development attachment - Strong emotional bond - Persists across time and circumstances - Innate attachment mechanism  o Maintain proximity  o Ensure survival - About 6 – 8 months baby starts to realize “strangers”
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Attachment across species - Harry Harlow o Contact comfort Infant attachment style - Strange situation o Caregiver and infant o Stranger enters o Caregiver leaves o Caregiver returns and stranger leaves o Caregiver leaves o Stranger returns o Caregiver returns - All infant show some level of distress when caregiver leaves - Infant’s reaction to stranger/leaving of caregiver categorize them - Strange situation classifications o Secure 60% Will not be terribly scared when caregiver is absent o Insecure avoidant 20% Avoid closeness and show little interest in caregiver Social referencing: infant responds to the stranger according to caregiver’s response to the stranger Not interested in stranger Not protest when mom leaves
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course PSC 1 taught by Professor Prokosch during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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feb 27 - Developmental psychology Development - Starts...

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