COM 103 Chapter 12 outline

COM 103 Chapter 12 outline - COM 103 Chapter 12 Outline...

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COM 103 Chapter 12 Outline Objectives: To select a logical structure for the main points of your speech To Effectively support and develop the main points of your speech To construct an effective introduction to your speech To construct an effective conclusion to your speech To produce an outline of your speech I. The Overall Structure A. Traditional 3-part structure 1. Introduction 2. Body 3. Conclusion II. Ways of Organizing the Body of the Speech A. Chronological Speech Structure- organizes a speech around segments or sequences of time 1. Process speech- describes how to make or do something by listing or the essential steps of the process in time order, from the earliest to the latest B. Narrative Speech Structure- organizes a speech around one or more stories, tells a story in chronological order with a beginning, middle, and end, often contain some form of dilemmas or conflict that is resolved C. Spatial Speech Structure- organizes the speech around familiar relationships in the environment, such as near and far, up and down, right and left, or east and west 1. Visual aids often help depict the spatial relationships and help the audience follow the structure of the speech D. Topical Speech Structure- organizes a speech around types or categories E. Comparison Speech Structure- organizes information around distinct points of similarity or difference F. Cause and Effect Speech Structure- divides the speech into the causes of some phenomenon and effects that result from it G. Problem and Solution Speech Structure- organizes information around one or more problems and one or more solutions to those problems III. Developing and Supporting the Main Ideas of Your Speech A. Using Testimony 1. Testimony- a stated opinion in support of an idea, someone credible can provide powerful support of an idea 2. Simple Guidelines a. Look for objective testimony from sources that have nothing to gain by giving their opinion b. Look for expert testimony. Find people with educational or practical experience related to your topic c. When possible, use testimony from sources your audience recognizes d. Look for testimony that is articulate and well stated
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e. Keep the testimony short and to the point
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course COM 103 taught by Professor Lawrence during the Fall '07 term at Bradley.

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COM 103 Chapter 12 outline - COM 103 Chapter 12 Outline...

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