Study Guide Exam 2

Study Guide Exam 2 - Corey Chesley Study Guide 2 (Filled...

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Corey Chesley Study Guide 2 (Filled In) Executive Branch Sources of Power Expressed Powers o Powers granted to the president that are specifically established by the language of the Constitution and cannot be revoked by congress or any other agency without an amendment to the constitution. Military-Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, and the militia of the U.S. Judicial: Grant Reprieves and Pardons for offences against the U.S. except in cases of impeachment Diplomatic: Provides the power “by and with the consent of Senate to make Treaties” And the power to receive ambassadors and other public ministers Executive: Allows president to see that all the laws are faithfully executed. Chief power to appoint, remove, and supervise all executive officers and to appoint all federal judges. Legislative: The power to participate authoritatively in the legislative process. Delegated Powers o Powers given to the president by congress Congress delegates only the power to identify or develop the means through which to carry out its decisions Inherent Powers o Powers not specified in te constitution or the law but are said to stem from “the rights, duties and obligations of the Presidency.” Growth of Presidential Power The legislative Epoch-1800-1933 The New deal and the Presidency o Expanded the Role of the president o Delegation of Powers Presidential Popularity Viewed as critical resource, although it doesn’t really make all that much difference Key factors: Economy “Rally Effect” (Example 9/11)
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Lengthy participation in war. What Difference Does Popularity Make? Conditions the reactions of other political actors presidential unpopularity lowers cost of resisting presidential action Not determinative Judiciary Branch Role of Federal Courts Cases are heard in federal courts if they involve federal laws, treaties with other nations, or the US Constitution: a.k.a. the official “jurisdiction” of the federal courts. It is in the federal courts that the Constitution and federal laws that govern all Americans are interpreted and their meaning and significance established. Federal Trial Courts o Trial Courts of general jurisdiction, and their cases are, in form, indistinguishable from cases in the state trial courts 89 district courts Federal Appellate Courts Supreme court Adjudication and interpretation Judicial Review of government actions Appellate vs. original jurisdiction (Ask or Check) Interpreting the Constitution Judicial Review o Originated in the Marbury Vs. Madison case o Gives the court the power to examine, and if necessary, invalidate actions undertaken by the legislative and executive branches, Declaring their actions unconstitutional Judicial Restraint o Judicial Philosophy whose adherents refuse to go beyond the set text of the constitution in interpreting its meaning. Judicial activism
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Study Guide Exam 2 - Corey Chesley Study Guide 2 (Filled...

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