HY1 - Prior to the formation of a modern bureaucratic state...

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Prior to the formation of a modern bureaucratic state in France beginning with the rise of King Louis XIV to the throne, Europe was a much more volatile place to live. During the period preceding King Louis XIV’s rise to power Europe had been subject to the Black Death, multiple famines caused by lowered average temperatures, the witchcraft craze, the Thirty Years’ War, and several rebellions caused by high taxes and nobles’ resistance to monarch’s early attempts at practicing absolutism (Spielvogel 416). Absolutism would be King Louis XIV’s answer to the French people’s desire for order in their country. An Absolute Monarchy is a nation whose authority is held by a king claiming to rule by divine right (417). Jacques Benigne Bossuet was a popular proponent of Absolutism. He claimed that rulers, “act as the ministers of God and as his lieutenants on earth.” (Bossuet) He often sighted biblical scripture, specifically Solomon’s appointment to the throne of Isreale, as reasons to obey the king without question, and preached that to disobey or question the laws of a monarch was a crime worthy of the death penalty. Cardinal Richelieu was a key figure in the rise of absolutism in the French
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HY1 - Prior to the formation of a modern bureaucratic state...

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