10_9 NOTES - FACISM: THE TWENTIETY CENTURY'S MAJOR POLITICL...

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FACISM: THE TWENTIETY CENTURY’S MAJOR POLITICL INNOVATION -BACKGROUND AND PRECONDITIONS -DEFINITION OF FASCISM -NATURE OF FASCIST ELITES AND REGIMES -FASCIST POSSIBILITIES TODAY 2 ND EXAM MOVED TO 10/30 BACKGROUND AND PRECONDITIONS 1. NOVELTY OF INDUSTRIAL WORKFORCES WITH DISUNITED ELITES a. THE INDUSTRIAL PHASE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGE PRODUCES A VERY SPLINTERED WORKFORCE, SIZEABLE BUREAUCRATIC, SIZEABLE INDUSTRIAL, HALF AUTONOMOUS WORKERS. b. BRITAIN HAD REACHED IT BY 19 TH CENTURY. SAME AS U.S., SWEDEN, ETC. ALL THESE GROUPS REACHED THIS PHASE WITH CONSENUALLY UNITED ELITES c. GERMANY, ITALY, FRANCE, AND BELGIUM? CAME INTO THIS PHASE WITH BADLY DISUNITED ELITES (POLARIZED CAMPS). d. PRECONDITION: MUCH OF THE REASON WHY FACISM OCCURRED WHERE AND WHEN IT DID AFTER WWI WAS B/C OF THE NOVEL EXPERIENCE OF REACHING THE INDUSTRIAL PHASE OF DEVELOPMENT WITH DISUNITED ELITES. 2. CATASTROPHE OF WWI AND THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION a. SEE MUELLER – LEAD UP TO WAR AND CONSEQUENCES – TURNING POINT IN WORLD HISTORY b. PRIOR TO WWI, THERE WAS A SIGNIFICANT BUT NOT DOMINANT ANTI-WAR MOVEMENT IN THE WESTERN WORLD – THEREFORE, THE CARNAGE OF WWI WAS ALL THE MORE SHOCKING (THOUGH THE DESTRUCTION WAS ABOUT THE SAME OR EVEN LESS THAN ANY PREVIOUS WARS) c. WWI – WAR AGAINST WAR. A WAR TO MAKE THE WORLD
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10_9 NOTES - FACISM: THE TWENTIETY CENTURY'S MAJOR POLITICL...

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