Classical Mythology pg 1-5

Classical Mythology pg 1-5 - Classical Mythology, class 1...

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Classical Mythology, class 1 Odyssey Book 8 - Odysseus - Trojan War - Phaeacians (Phaiakians)- King Alcinous and Queen Arete - Demodocus (Demodokos) Origins of Mythology? - Paleolithic and Mesolithic (40,000-6500 B.C.E) o Hunter, Gatherer Stone Age - Neolithic (6500-3700 B.C.E.) o New Stone Age o Beginning to make new housing and farming and animal training due to the changing weather o Area referred to the current Middle East - Bronze Age (4000-1000 B.C.E) o Trade is taking place o More metal tools, thus nastier warfare o Greek civilizations begin to arise - Early Greek Civilizations: Minoan (3100- 1380) and Mycenaean (1550-1150) o Depictions of women in artwork in Minoan o Mycenaean considered more warlike than Minoans Eras for the Study of Mythology - Dark Age (1100-750 B.C.E) o Shitty time - Archaic Era (750-480 B.C.E; Homer, Hesiod, Homeric Hymns) o Stuff is picking up, Greek alphabet is created, first “Olympics,” cultural progression - Classical Era (479-323 B.C.E; Euripides) o Beginning of the Goleen era for Athens - Hellenistic Era (323-30 B.C.E; Apollonius of Rhodes, Apollodorus?) o Libraries begin; collections of mythology - Roman Era (30 B.C.E-410 C.E.; Catullus, Vergil, Ovid) o Copy cats of Greek Myth Function of Myths - Etiology (Aetiology)- natural, religious, social o A story the explains things…. .? - Cultural definition-genealogy, social hierarchy o People are defined by their families before them - Entertainment and enlightenment - Pre-History, Euhemerism - Allegory; philosophical interpretation of myth
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Modern Study of Myths - Historicism- A key to the past - Ritual Theory- A key to ancient cult practices - Pyschological- Freud and Jung, archetypes and the modern mind - Folktale-Structuralism, narrative patterns, motifs - Social- Myths indicate ancient attitudes; myths subject to revision Notes 2 What is myth? o -myth –“A traditional tale with secondary partial reference to something of  collective importance”-Walter Burket o -Greek myth – Traditional narratives related to the Olympian pantheon,  shared history and ritual practice. o -Types in traditional tales- exogamic suitor/bride, monster killer, trickster,  reciprocity, trebling Muthos/Logos o -Muthos: Utterance, explanation; poetry o -Logos: word, speech, an account; prose o -Mythology- a prose account of poetic narratives Plato’s Criticism of Myth o -“That’s just a myth.” Thought of it as dangerous o -Myth as falsehood told to children o Corrution if allegory is misunderstood o Homer and Hesiod banned from Plato’s imaginary republic o Plato’s development of philosophical myth as a “useful lie” Used myths to help teach people lessons of morals Singing Myth
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Classical Mythology pg 1-5 - Classical Mythology, class 1...

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