Chapter 29 Study Guide

Chapter 29 Study Guide - Chapter 29 Study Guide In a secret...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

Chapter 29 Study Guide In a secret deal between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin in May 1944, Greece became part of the British sphere, in return for Romania and Bulgaria being apportioned to the Soviet sphere of responsibility for occupation at war’s end. On July 16, scientists at the “Manhattan Project,” the US effort to develop and atomic weapon, had succeeded in detonating a plutonium test device in New Mexico. The first confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States occurred in the Balkans. In Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito took over the government and provided Greek communists with aid. In 1948, Tito claimed his right to regional communism, against Stalin’s insistence on unity in the Communist Bloc. Tito withdrew his support for the pro-Stalin Greek communists because a surprising majority of the Greek communists opted for Stalin. Truman announced the Marshall Plan of aid to Europe, named after its architect, the secretary of state George C. Marshall. In addition to the political reasons behind Stalin’s injunction, the Marshall Plan’s requirement of free markets and convertible currencies contradicted the communist ideology of a central command economy. Stalin transformed communist governments in Eastern Europe and the Balkans into the Communist Bloc, and integrated their economies with that of the Soviet Union. This was formalized in 1949 as the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON). Cold War Superpowers: United States formed a defensive alliance known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949. In response, the Soviet Union later formed the Warsaw Pact in 1955 among the states of the Eastern Bloc. The Soviet Union’s response to the United Nations Security Council declaration that South Korea was entitled to U.N. military aid in 1950 was the Soviet boycott.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern