CRJ110 paper

CRJ110 paper - Gun Control Policies in the United States...

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Gun Control Policies in the United States and Abroad Introduction to Criminal Justice CRJ 110-013 Joe DeCrane 2008.04.15
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Gun Control Policies in the United States and Abroad Gun control has been viewed as an important issue in the United States for the past twenty years. However, many people do not realize that gun control has also been an issue in many other countries around the world. The United States Congress notes that, "All countries have some form of firearms regulation, ranging from the very strictly regulated countries like Germany, Great Britain, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and Sweden to the less stringently controlled uses in the jurisdictions of Mexico and Switzerland, where the right to bear arms continues as a part of the national heritage up to the present time.(1)" The purpose of this paper will be to examine some of the policies that have been put into place in foreign countries, as well as looking at the some of the more recent policies within the United States. Our closest neighbor to the north has some very strict gun policies. With the passage of the 1995 Firearms Act , Canada established a national registry of all firearms and their owners. The Act requires that all Canadian gun owners apply for a license from the Canadian Firearms Centre and register their guns with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The 1995 Firearms Act had three main public safety goals: to deter the misuse of firearms, to control access to them and to control specific types of weapons (2). In 1996 amendments to the Criminal Code increased the penalties for using firearms to commit crimes as well as for the illegal trafficking and smuggling of guns (2). However, even with all the regulations put in place Canada has seen a significant increase in the percentage of handguns used in all homicides (3). Similar effects in crime have been seen in Germany, which is often times referred to as "among the most stringent in Europe (3)," because German gun control laws are 2
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extremely restrictive. To own or buy a firearm in Germany one must hold a license. To secure one of these licenses a German citizen must prove their "need" and pass an official government test. Multiple licenses can be issued and distinct licenses are required for
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CRJ110 paper - Gun Control Policies in the United States...

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