exam 2 review sheet

exam 2 review sheet - PSYCH 273 Spring 2007 Exam 2 Review...

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PSYCH 273 Spring, 2007 Exam 2 Review Sheet If you have questions, I am available during office hours and I am happy to make additional office hours if students need them. Begin with the chapter summaries in your book. Pay particular attention to book material that has also been covered in lecture, unless you have been specifically directed to use material from the book as your reference. If you haven’t guessed already, I often include a lot of lecture material on my exams. For diagrams, be able to accurately reproduce and label them. Be able to briefly describe, explain, and define the components, if applicable. Specifics Be able to associate the major contribution with the names of each of the individuals whose work influenced our views of cognitive development, personality development, and the development of play including Piaget: Vygotsky: Meltzoff: active intermodal mapping: Facial imitation is a matching-to-target process, Imitation is intentional, Imitation is goal-directed intermodal matching Thomas and Chess: temperament, 9 characteristics of children identified: attention span, persistence, quality of mood, adaptability, activity level Rothbart: infant behavior questionnaire and child behavior questionnaire Plomin: Kagan: Bowlby: attachment research-attachment theory: that children are biologically predisposed to develop attachments with caregivers as a means of increasing the chances of their own survival Spitz: Harlow: primate studies of attachment Ainsworth: developed laboratory techniques to test and extend bowlby’s ideas bout attachment—observed children use mothers as secure base for exploration and how they reacted to separations from their mothers—2 key ideas: the extent to which an infant is able to use their primary caregiver as a secure base and how the infant reacts to brief separations from and reunions w/ caregiver Know and be able to identify and apply the definitions of Cognition Adaptation- (Piaget) to make sense of the world, something in us must change Accommodation- (Piaget) schemes changed or developed to fit new information. Focus on differences Assimilation- (Piaget) world interpreted through existing schemes. Focus on similarities Zone of Proximal Development-(Vygotsky) the gap between a learner's current or actual development level determined by independent problem-solving and the learner's emerging or potential level of development (independity vs need help)
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PSYCH 273 Spring, 2007 Guided learning-(Vygotsky) learning occurs through guidance; the adult/more expierenced learner is the agent of changed Guided participation- (Vygotsky) Language- Communication Motherese- infant directed speech Expansion- Recast- Temperament- Characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of emotional response. Based on biological and behavioral predisposition to respond in a certain way to
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exam 2 review sheet - PSYCH 273 Spring 2007 Exam 2 Review...

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