Exam 1 Review Sheet

Exam 1 Review Sheet - PSYCH 273 Winter 2007 University of...

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PSYCH 273 Winter 2007 University of Puget Sound Exam 1 Review Sheet Preparation: 1. Begin with the chapter summaries for the assigned readings. As you go through the material in the rest of the chapter, pay attention to material that you have been exposed to both in lecture and in the book (overlapping material). 2. Go through the exam review sheet and be able to jot down a brief answer for each of the items on the review. 3. If you don’t know something, try the lecture notes 4. If that doesn’t help, check the book chapters 5. If that doesn’t help, ask one of the other people in the class 6. If you are still confused, come see me in office hours For Multiple Choice, Matching, Fill-in the blanks: Know how children have historically been perceived in our society Know the following individuals and their significant contributions to the field of developmental psychology: -Charles Darwin: Avid record taker development process *evolutionary theory *1 of 1 st to use baby diaries *Infant behavior closely related to “sub-human” development -Jean Piaget: internal process * cognitive stage theory *series of stages * have to complete stage to go to next *discontinuous of stages kids go through * independent of others 3 infants, structured baby diaries Published combined results Description of the range of skill acquisition Simple experiments Imitation, object permanence Cognitive development through adolescence -Sigmund Freud: Observations with adults who we are as adults stem from childhood * events as child effect us as adults Child experiences emotionally significant Inborn sexual and aggressive drives Issues later in life caused by unresolved conflicts in early life Stages of child development: oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital -G. Stanley Hall: questionnaires to study child behavior * kids AREN’T little adults * -Lev Vygotsky: social interactions * social process *learn from peers *cognitive different orientation Socialist Russia Contrasted with Piaget Used socialism for socio-cultural theory of cognitive development.
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PSYCH 273 Winter 2007 University of Puget Sound Be able to identify various research techniques used in developmental research (know what each measure is intended to tell me about infant/child development and what some of the limitations might be): imitation, response to novelty, parent reports, direct observation, etc. In contrast to the various methods used in research, what are some of the research methods used to assess infants and young children? -Cross-sectional: take group of people at different ages and examine same characteristic; bunch of groups at same age easier; less expensive -Longitudal: take group and look at certain characteristic/them over period of time *difficult very time consuming & expensive *same developmental histories -Micro-genetic: how changing while changing; can help facilitate development; watching develop skills examining while developing cognitive skills
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Exam 1 Review Sheet - PSYCH 273 Winter 2007 University of...

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