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Unformatted text preview: Christopher Jones Psych 101 PSYCHOLOGY 101 STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 Spring 2007 Please read this!!! Disclaimer: This is intended as a study aid. It is not a complete description of everything discussed in class, nor an exhaustive list of information that might be tested on your exam. This is not intended to be a substitute for class attendance. This exam guide will give you a good idea of the topics that you need to know to get at least an 87% on the exam. To get a higher grade than that you will have to know more specifics on these topics and be familiar with other topics in your book chapters that are not covered here. Chapter 1 and Intro/Theories Be able to defend why the title of our book may or may not be the optimal title of an introductory psychology textbook-psychology is the scientific study of behavior and the mind Behavior refers to actions and responses that we can directly observe whereas the term mind refers to internal states and processes such as thoughts and feelings that cannot be observable, measurable responses Whats the difference between structuralism and functionalism? Structuralism : conscious experience of sensations and feelings are broken into elements or structures Functionalism studies the purpose or function of behavior and mental states and how organisms adapt to their environment What are the goals of the scientific study of psychology? And come up with an example of the application of these goals-1. describe how people and other species behave-2. understand the causes of these behaviors-3. predict how people and animals will behave under certain conditions-4. influence behavior through the control of its causes-5. apply psyc knowledge in ways that enhance human welfare-EX: Robbers Gave study observed boys behavior under various conditions (1), believed competition would cause inter-group hostility but cooperation would reduce it(2), predicted competition would create hostility between eagles and rattlers & cooperation would reduce conflict(3), controlled camp setting by pitting eagles and rattlers against 1another in contests and then by arranging situations that forced group to cooperate(4), then w/ hostility between coworkers there was scientific basis for predicting what might work and were able to apply knowledge successfully (5) Psychologys Intellectual Roots (text & lecture)-Early Philosophers mind-body dualism: belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to physical laws that govern the body-Socretes Studied dreaming, the 5 senses, memory, learning, nature vs. nuture Christopher Jones Psych 101-Descartes introduced dualism: mind and body are separate but interact w/ eachother-Wilhelm Wundt Developed introspection = method where subjects reported reactions to tones, visual displays used to study: attention span, reaction time, color vision, time perception Founder of Psychology as a Science-Edward Titchener studied w/ wundt structuralism : conscious experience of...
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- Spring '07