FINAL_EXAM_REVIEW_07 - Final Exam Review Philosophy 180...

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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Review Philosophy 180 Fall 2007 Professor Ann Cudd Final Exam • Double length of midterm: – 15 short answer questions (no choice) – 2 identification passages (no choice) – 2 essay questions (some choice) • Comprehensive, weighted more to last part • 2 1/2 hours (but you won’t need it) • Dec. 11, 1:30pm in the lecture hall Review of first third • Theories of governmental authority and legitimacy – problem of legitimacy: Thrasymachus’ challenge • Confucianism (Confucius and Mencius): ruler should be virtuous and benevolent; partiality; authoritarian • Mohism: ruler should bring about universal love; impartiality; authoritarian Authority and Legitimacy (cont.) • Taoism (Chuang Tzu): not-ruling (anarchy); – harmony with Tao – isolationism; egocentrism; anti-materialism • Legalism (Hsun Tzu): human nature is evil – Virtue, goodness must be learned; not natural • Contractarianism – Idea of the social contract: consent of people required for legitimate rule – Enlightenment political philosophy – Individualism – Hobbes vs. Locke Authority and Legitimacy...
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