180F07-4 - Mohism Class objectives: 1. How is Mohism...

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Mohism
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Class objectives: 1. How is Mohism different from Confucianism? 2. What justification does Mohism offer for governmental authority? 3. Is “universal love” plausible and/or defensible?
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Mo Tzu (479-381 BCE) Warring States period: increasing prosperity; social upheaval Rejects many of Confucian doctrines Proto-utilitarian: the right act is that act which will bring about the greatest happiness of the greatest number
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Rejection of Confucianism Universality rather than partiality Tradition not an intrinsic good Family relations no more important than strangers Happiness to be sought directly rather than as by-product state
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Mohist Political Philosophy Basic principle of legitimation: bring about the satisfaction of basic needs of greatest number Authoritarian rule State like a machine
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“Universal Love”, Pt. I Purpose of philosophy is to effect good government Cause of all evil is lack of universal mutual love Partial family relations to be discouraged
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Pt. II
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180F07-4 - Mohism Class objectives: 1. How is Mohism...

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