180F002 - Political Authority and Obligation Plato's...

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Political Authority and Obligation Plato’s Republic, Book I: The Challenge of Thrasymachus
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Plato and Athenian Democracy Plato (428-348 BCE) founder of the Academy student of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle author of the Platonic dialogues Athenian Democracy Athens a city-state direct democracy
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The Republic, Book I Theme: What is Justice? Main Characters of the dialogue: Socrates Glaucon, Adiemantus, Polemarchus Cephalus Thrasymachus
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Definitions of Justice 1. Cephalus: to speak the truth and pay back one’s debts (321c) Problem: there are times when telling the truth or returning something is the wrong thing to do
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Definitions of Justice 2. Polemarchus: to give to each what is owed to them; to benefit one’s friends and harm one’s enemies Problem: it can never be good to harm someone.
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Argument for claim: it is never good to harm anyone P1. Just as dogs are made worse when they are subject to ill treatment, so men are made worse when they are harmed. (335b-c)
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course PHIL 180 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '07 term at Kansas.

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180F002 - Political Authority and Obligation Plato's...

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