180F07-Maoism

180F07-Maoism - “On the People’s Democratic...

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Maoism
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Mao Zedong (1893-1976) Born in Hunan province to peasant family Soldier in 1911 Revolution Became head of Communist Party 1935 Became head of People’s Republic of China 1949 Cultural Revolution (1966-69)
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“On Coalition Government” (1945) Mao’s two phase program for bringing about socialism in China Phase 1: New Democracy Build-up of capital and technology Phase 2: Socialism
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New Democracy United front against feudalism and imperial aggression Democratic centralism Army and police force to belong to and protect the people “national, scientific, and mass culture” (219)
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Socialism and Communism Socialism is intermediate stage before communism; state ownership of means of production dictatorship of the proletariat Communism: withering away of the state
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Unformatted text preview: “On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship” (1949) • Definition of “the people” – the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, the national bourgeoisie – But, not the “running dogs of imperialism” • Role of the CCP – remold and educate the reactionaries – abolish the major exploiting classes – educate and remold people for som Maoism The political philosophy of Mao, which held that a government is legitimate if it is taking all necessary steps toward reaching communism. In Mao’s China that meant a strong central political authority, and state control of the means of production and of all economic, cultural, and ideological activity....
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180F07-Maoism - “On the People’s Democratic...

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