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Human_Rights 07 - Human Rights Concept of human rights...

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Human Rights
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Concept of human rights Express ultimate, weighty, moral concerns; Apply universally to all humans; Come out of common concerns and values.
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Pogge’s main claim Article 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights is to be interpreted as follows: Human rights are “to be understood as claims on the institutional order of any comprehensive social systems.” (320)
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Particular dangers to human rights 1. Abuse by government or its officials. 2. Other social threats (e.g., death squads, criminals, domestic violence, economic dependency) Other things equal it is more important that laws and agencies protect against 1 than 2, because “an institutional order... should not merely serve justice, but also symbolize it.” (324a)
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Universality of human rights To the two big questions: 1. How are rights justified 2. What rights do we have A third concerning human rights: 3. Are they universal?
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Defn. of universality of rights To say that rights are universal is to say that they are “equally possessed by, and are also equally binding upon, each and every human being.” (324b)
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