Unformatted text preview: Freedom Oppression
Unlike Young's, on Cudd's view all forms of oppression are united by these features: Harm individuals are harmed Social group harms come to individuals as members of social groups Privilege there is a privileged group Coercion harms are coercively imposed Forces of oppression
Material forces Violence Economic forces Psychogical forces Forces are applied in two ways External Internal Main Thesis of Analyzing Oppression
Oppression lasts for generations because the oppressed join into their own oppression these internal forces they direct at themselves, through their adherence to the social norms that constitute some of the external forces of oppression, and by applying and enforcing those social norms on members of their own social group. Two senses of social freedom External freedom freedom from externally imposed oppressive constraints Internal freedom freedom from internally generated oppressive constraints External and internal freedom can be conceptually distinguished, but they cannot be practically separated. So to end oppression, we have to fight for both external and internal freedom. Ending oppression Responsibility for ending it depends on one's relation to the oppression: Oppressors Privileged nonoppressors Oppressed Avoiding two repressive extremes in ending oppression: Totalitarianism Communitarianism Argument for the claim that freedom for all is good for each individual P1. Aristotelian Principle: people enjoy cultivating, exercising and perfecting higher order capacities. P2. People need to work together (in social unions) to cultivate and exercise many of these capacities. P3. Social unions provide better opportunities for achievement of each individual when every other individual cultivates and exercises their capacities. C1. Persons take pleasure in the achievements of others in their social unions. P4. Freedom from oppression is necessary for persons to take part in wide varieties of social unions. P5. A wider variety of social unions increases the opportunities for more persons to take part in social unions. P6. Society can be seen as a social union of social unions. C2. Therefore it is good for each person to see that there are opportunities for every person in society to take part in social unions. C. Therefore freedom from oppression for all persons is good for each individual. ...
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