ID�s Part 2 Modern Latin Americn Exam

ID�s Part 2 Modern Latin Americn Exam - ID's Part 2...

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Populism : a style of politics aimed at the urban working and middle classes, who together, composed the populist coalition. Most vigorous in the years following 194, populism generally employed nationalist themes and promoted import-substation industrialization. Peron represented the populist philosophy of the “working class” movement in Argentina, and helped him to gain power. Huallaga Valley: In the 1980’s most of the coca that was used to make cocaine, came out of this region in Peru. Subsequently most of that cocaine was shipped to the United States. The government was losing effective control, and Columbian drug-lords were taking power in the region. This became a US policy issue when the government in the US was trying to curb the influx of drugs into the country, as well as attempting to keep Latin America away from communism. Estado Novo : is the name of the Portuguese authoritarian regime installed in 1933 , following the army-led coup d'état of 28th May 1926 against the democratic First Republic . The Estado Novo was developed by António de Oliveira Salazar , ruler of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. It was based on financial stability and economic growth. The Estado Novo forced nationalist and catholic values on the Portuguese population. Salazar died and with the Carnation Revolution came the end of the Estado Novo. The Brazilian regime created by Vargas, the industrialization method and general expansion of government activities were typical of mid-1900’s nationalist movements. (Chasteen) Dirty War : The Dirty War refers to the state-sponsored violence against Argentine citizenry from roughly 1976 to 1983 carried out primarily by Jorge Rafael Videla 's military government. Up to 30,000 people were killed during this time. Annihilation decrees were based on anti-communism foundations. With the end of the Dirty War (1983) the juntas relinquished power and democratic elections were held. Testimonial : Chico Mendes: was a Brazilian rubber tapper , unionist and environmental activist . He fought to stop the logging of the Amazon Rainforest to clear land for cattle ranching , and founded a national union of rubber tappers in an attempt to preserve their profession and the rainforest that it relied upon. He used unions effectively to spread the cause and educate the followers. He was murdered in 1988 by ranchers opposed to his activism. Popular Unity
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course HIST 98 taught by Professor Corbett during the Spring '08 term at Tufts.

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ID�s Part 2 Modern Latin Americn Exam - ID's Part 2...

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