zapatismo vs peronismo

zapatismo vs peronismo - Sarah Habib Modern Latin American...

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Sarah Habib Modern Latin American Professor Corbett 14 March 2008 Zapatismo and Peronismo During the Twentieth Century many social movements spread throughout Latin America. Zapatismo –in Mexico- and Peronismo- in Argentina- are two of the most well known social movements to come out of the region. Zaptismo is the movement that is associated with rebel leader Emiliano Zapata and the ideas of agrarian land reform. Peronismo is the philosophy that came out of Juan Peron’s presidency that is linked to the “working class” of Argentinean society. While both social movements were noted in helping those at the bottom they used different approaches to carry out their ideas, some more successful than others. The different upbringings of Zapata and Peron affected the legitimacy of their own campaigns on their individual governments. Zapata was born in the village of Anenecuilco, of mestizo heritage, he was the son of a sharecropper and his family was involved in the dealing of livestock. From early on he began to understand the need for land reform as large plantations invaded his village. In September of 1909, Zapata was elected to the village’s “defense committee”; starting him on his path towards attempting to change the nation. While Zapata’s family background directed him to the cause (Agrarian Reform) he was willing to fight for, Peron came to find his cause on the journey of his career. Peron was born in Lobos (outside of Buenos Aires), Argentina. He went to military school at the age of 16, and started to climb the ranks as a military officer. By 1943 he had become a colonel, and eventually played a significant role in the military coup against President Ramon Castillo. He was eventually appointed to become
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the Secretary of Labor and that is where he began to build his connection with the labor unions and the “working class”. Since Peron was able to implement his programs from within the government he faced considerable less obstacles than Zapata in gaining legitimacy and widespread support as seen through the origins, composition, strategies, and political philosophies of their respective social movements; but not to say that his was more successful. To understand a social movement, the origin of it must be clear for it provides the base of which the movement relies on. For Zapatismo, its origin lied in Zapata’s desire for Agrarian Reform, while Juan Peron focused on the rights of workers and social justices. Although different in basic origin they both hope to bring the bottom up to more of a fair level within society.
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zapatismo vs peronismo - Sarah Habib Modern Latin American...

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