Nelson Lassiter Study Notes Soviet Union

Nelson Lassiter Study Notes Soviet Union - Soviet Union...

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Soviet Union Solzhenitsyn - A Russian novelist who mad the world aware of the gulag, a soviet labor camp system. He was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974. He rejects Stalin’s view and sees Lenin as true communist. His stories were initially praised then rejected and not allowed to be published. His stories explain that when Stalin died and prisoners where released, they were not able to go home. Sakharov - Soviet Nuclear Physicist, a dissident and human rights activist. He advocated civil liberties and reforms in the Soviet Union. He became concerned with the civil implications of his nuclear work, against atmosphere nuclear tests, argues the Soviet Union is trapped in a war economy based on heavy industry and will find difficulty modernizing, and is against nuclear proliferation. He also developed the Helsinki watch committee. Perestroika - Russian term for economic reforms introduced in June 1985 by Gorbachev. It means to restructure. Enterprises became self financing and it permitted the private ownership of business in the services. It imposed high taxes and employment restrictions. By 1990 the government lost control of economic conditions. The elimination of central control led to the break down of supply and demand relationships and let to the Soviet Unions demise. Gorbachev - The last General Secretary of the Soviet Union. He believes that communism can work and has a better connection with what is going on
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in the real world because his children in college. He though it was better to politically reform first than to implement economic reforms. S.U vs. CCP. He attacks Stalin and criticizes collectivization and the Five year plan. After Chernobyl he implements glasnost and says he will not lie to the Soviet people. He introduced Perestroika and the Soviet Union collapsed under him. Brezhnev - General Secretary of the Soviet Union after Khrushchev. He was Khrushchev’s protégé and conspired against him to take his position of leader of the soviet communists by blaming the economic failures on Khrushchev. He created the Brezhnev doctrine to safeguard socialism through Russia’s satellite states. He also created the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty and invaded Czechoslovakia. Bukharin - He wanted to improve peasant life, believed that states should improve their consumer output and the government shouldn’t deal with the peasantry violently. He was a central figure in the creation of the NEP which was a plan to industrialize the soviet system and expand the private market. His plan only benefited the bourgeoisie. He wanted local autonomy and industry, and avoid state control. Siege of Leningrad - A book by Harrison Salisbury. It is a tale of heroism of ordinary people. Stalin was suspicious to memorialize the siege for it also shows the incompetence of the soviet party. People in the city did not leave during the siege and the Germans starved the people to death, however when the lake freezes over the Russians create a supply train to fight back the Germans.
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course HIST 308 taught by Professor Kassow during the Spring '08 term at Trinity College, Hartford.

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Nelson Lassiter Study Notes Soviet Union - Soviet Union...

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