Aggression - AGGRESSION Aggression physical or verbal...

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AGGRESSION Aggression – physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone Hostile aggression – (emotional aggression) driven by anger, end in itself (result of hostility) Instrumental aggression – means to an end Causes of Aggression 1. Instinct view Freud: life and death impulse; tendency toward self-destruction Lorenz: benefits, survival 2. Biological theories Serotonin: low→ lower control over impulses Testosterone: bidirectional: aggressive behavior→ increase testosterone; highly aggressive people have high levels 3. Drive Theories (aspects of environment lead to:) motivation or drive to harm others Frustration-Aggression theory (Dollard et al.) frustration, being blocked from reaching goal 4. Social Learning Theory Bandura: Bobo doll studies o After observing adult behavior incidence of aggression increase if adult was rewarded for behavior o Implication-reduced incidence if model a child Learn o Which persons or groups are appropriate targets for aggression o What actions justify/require aggression o In which situations aggression is appropriate 5. Cognitive Theories of Aggression Apprains: how situation is interpreted Social Determinants of Aggression 1. Frustration: blocked from reaching goal a. Original theory: frustration always results in aggression, aggression always a result of frustration (DISPROVEN) b. Displacement may occur: display/express anger at different subject c. Barker, Pembo, and Lewin (1961) Toy Study
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i. Frustrated and long wait→ smash toys, aggressive behavior 1. Created aggressive impulse-displace aggression on toys ii. Not frustrated and no wait→ play 2. Cues for aggression in Environment (automatic thought) a. Weapons effect/mere presence b. Berkowitz and Lefage (1967) i. Teacher/learner paradigm: cognitive task ii. Participant “teacher” was insulted iii. Guns or badminton racquets present iv. Results: teachers give longer shocks if guns present in the room 3. Direct Provocation 4. Media Influence Media Violence and Aggression Laboratory studies – bring people into the lab, have one group watch a violent movie and the other a nonviolent movie and then observe behavior o Children who watched the violent program are more likely to show aggressive behaviors, while the adults are more likely to show aggressive cognitions. This has only been observed in the short term.
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course PSYC 260 taught by Professor Traceycallison during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Aggression - AGGRESSION Aggression physical or verbal...

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