Religion 100- Outline

Religion 100- Outline - Outline Part I Question 1 What does...

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Outline Part I, Question 1: What does the term higher criticism mean? Discuss the different approaches within this field of study and explain how it influenced thinking about religion in general. Work taken from: Strenski pages 33-60, 63-64. Lecture notes from January 15th and 17 th of 2008. And, Wikipedia key word “Higher Criticism.” Defining “Higher Criticism” according to: Strenski – Higher Criticism is the significance for the study of religion of the rise of the critical study of the bible (34). Also, the new methods of criticism of biblical texts “higher criticism” (34). Wikipedia- Higher Criticism is a name given to critical studies of the Bible that treat it as a text created by human beings at a particular historical time and for various human motives, in contrast with the treatment of the Bible as the inerrant word of God. The higher criticism "studies the biblical text in the same fashion as it would study any other ancient text and comments upon it as an expression of human discourse. Brief history of “Higher Criticism” According to Wikipedia: The phrase "the higher criticism" became popular in Europe from the mid-18th century to the early 20th century, to describe the work of such scholars as Jean Astruc (mid-18th cent.), Johann Salomo Semler (1725-91), Johann Gottfried Eichhorn (1752-1827), Ferdinand Christian Baur (1792-1860), and Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918). Within "higher criticism" a division can be made between historical criticism and literary criticism . Historical criticism seeks to locate the text in history: it asks such questions as when the text was written, who the author/s might have been, and what history might be reconstructed from the answers. Literary criticism asks what audience the authors wrote for, their presumptive purpose, and the development of the text over time. Historical criticism was the dominant form of criticism until the late 20th century, when
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biblical critics became interested in questions aimed more at the meaning of the text than its origins, and developed methods drawn from mainstream literary criticism. The distinction is frequently referred to as one between diachronic and synchronic forms of criticism. The former, broadly identified with historical criticism, concerned the development of texts through time. The latter viewed texts as they exist at a particular moment, in comparison with other writing of the time. In many studies, both methods are used. Important people to mention in Higher Criticism:
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Religion 100- Outline - Outline Part I Question 1 What does...

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