Religion 100 Outline for questions 1,5, and 7

Religion 100 Outline for questions 1,5, and 7 - Question 1...

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Question 1 Outline: 1. higher criticisim = name given to critical studies of the Bible that treat it as a text created by human beings at a particular historical time and for various human motives a. studies the bible the same way as it would study any other ancient text and comment upon it as an expression of human discourse. b. Compare texts with the writings of other authors and try to determine if the author was an eyewitness or whether he is basing his work on primary or secondary sources. Try to understand the bias of the author which will give hints as to why certain things were omitted while others he/she chooses to focus on 2. rise of higher criticism announced the appearance of four new disciplines for studying religion a. history i. sought to uncover the historical context in the biblical narratives ii. were skeptical, empirical historians wanting to know if the stories were true iii. historical approaches to religion raised question about the religious documents which which stories actually happened and which stories were fabricated or imagined like myths iv. devoted to the historical study of the religious scriptures common to both Judaism and Christianity and to the historical context in which these docs arose
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b. philology i. once history of text was established the scripture had to be read in their own languages or translated to modern European languages ii. Biblical critics had become trained in philology iii. Question of needing to find the identity of the very language of the Bible had originally been written in iv. How correct were the translations made along the way? v. Philologists needed to construct afresh the grammars of the ancient tongues, some of which have never been formalized in this way vi. These scholars were involved in elaborate projects of the reconstruction of lost cultures and civilizations through the media of studying ancient languages c. text criticism i. determining what was authentic text and what was forgery ii. determining how the text was constructed over the course of its life gave rise to a lot of questions iii. entailed the systematic and rigorous study of docs for the purpose of determining their actual authenticity, their factual authorship, their true date of creation, their cultural and social circumstances of their origins, their situation in a particular context iv. w/their close attention to detail of religious data fostered a naturalistic study of religion
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v. could now conjecture about the degree to which doc was historical or legendary or mythical d. hermeneutics i. interpreting what the biblical texts meant in their original and present form and how they should be construed in the future ii. =general theory of interpretation that deals w/the problem of reading and understanding sacred texts iii. @ one time biblical texts were interpreted allegorically only later
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Religion 100 Outline for questions 1,5, and 7 - Question 1...

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