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Politics2 - Conor O'Malley No matter where you are from or...

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Conor O'Malley No matter where you are from or what color your skin happens to be there is one thing that rings universally true, we are all humans. This would seem to imply that racism is an absurd institution because the color of our skin or the place of our birth would never change the fact that we are all humans. However, one of the fatal flaws that humans do possess is an ability to be manipulated. Often an area of life where humans are manipulated is in the area of ethnic and racial identity. It seems that we are manipulated into forgetting that we are basically all the same and into believing that the minor differences between us are enough to tear us apart. One place where this has been more evident in the past century than most places is Africa. Africa has been torn apart by civil war and genocide due mostly to ethnic and racial manipulation. Two indispensable works on the turmoil of Africa are Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth and Philip Gourevitch’s We Wish to Inform You that Tomorrow We Will be Killed with Our Families. Both of these two important books address different times in Africa when people were manipulated into thinking that they were different from another group of people and the turmoil that ensues. Fanon deals with Algeria in the early part of the 20 th century and the problems between the colonizers and the colonized of Algeria. Gourevitch looks at one of the most devastating genocides that happened just a little over a decade ago in Rwanda. We are going to look at the manipulation of ethnic and racial identity in Algeria and Rwanda and see how it acted as a tool in controlling the masses, and to what affect it has been successful. The trials and tribulations that Frantz Fanon writes about deal with Algeria in the
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first half of the 20 th century and all have to do with the relationship between the colonized and the colonizers. The colonized are the local black Algerians and the colonizers are the white French settlers to the area and are often referred to as colonists. Fanon writes with a very singular view throughout his book, and that is the decolonization of Algeria by any means necessary. Fanon spends time dealing with the manipulation of the ethnic and racial identity of the colonized in Algeria. Fanon tries to nail down this point very early on in The Wretched of the Earth . On page two Fanon says, “It is the colonist who fabricated and continues to fabricate the colonized subject.” Fanon talks about how the
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