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L 5 Policy [in-class slides]_BS 1.pptx - POLICY & PUBLIC...

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POLICY & PUBLICACTIONFOR A SUSTAINABLEFUTURESUST1000 Introduction to SustainabilityLecture 5
PART 1POLICY TOOLS
Tools for Policy and Public ActionPolicy tools and approaches fall into three main categories:3Voluntaryagreementsand voluntaryactionMarket-basedactions, taxesand subsidiesto affect pricesand publicspendingRegulationsand laws,including lawsfor propertyrights
The Problem ofScopeandScaleConsider different policy options for different problem ranges, extents and impactsScope(horizontal layer) - dimension ofdiversity/ variety(e.g. manufacturing -commerce - services)Scale(vertical layer) –dimension of size(city – region – country – global)Some policy approaches work well forfocused small-scaleissuesFor example, if a factory is polluting a river - reports in the media, localregulations, or incentives/penalties for waste treatment may work quite wellHowever, at aglobal scalea different approach will be neededFor example, if deep-water ocean fisheries are to be managed to ensure that fishstocks do not fall below critical levels, then an international scheme poolingnational sovereignty, distribution of benefits among affected communities, andshared policing and enforcement will be required – these are big-ticket items!4
Voluntaryagreementsand voluntaryactionMarket-basedactions, taxesand subsidiesto affect pricesand publicspendingRegulationsand laws,including lawsfor propertyrights
Voluntary Agreements & Action:Why?Can be defined as -Actions that rely on broadagreementon whatto do and howto do itBrings to the foreground the best in humanity – empathy and mutualaid, communication, and agreement-makingBuilds on the broad, existing movement for sustainability basedin non-governmental organizations (NGOs)the science communityinternational organizations (the UN)6
Voluntary Agreements & Action:What?Agreement on what needs to be doneGoalsand metrics(e.g. limit global warming to 1.5°C)Standard setting(e.g. sustainability labeling of new buildings)Obligationsand timelines(e.g. zero use of plastic-bottled water by 2030)Approaches to voluntary actionCampaigns for communicationand buy-in(e.g. sustainable-food labeling)Sharingexperience and expertise(e.g. professional associations with asustainability agenda – building services, planners, accountants)Reports andmutual review(e.g. UN Biodiversity initiatives)Recognizing andcelebrating success(e.g. Labels for sustainable products)7
Voluntaryagreementsand voluntaryactionMarket-basedactions, taxesand subsidiesto affect pricesand publicspendingRegulationsand laws,including lawsfor propertyrights
Market-Based Actions: Why?Existing social systems are built around markets and market-basedincentives(prices, wages, profits)Market-based action can producerapid, well-calibrated responsesacross space and timeKeymarket-basedpoliciesforsustainabilityarerelativelywellunderstood & have been tested9

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Term
Fall
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Tags
Climate Change, Greenhouse gas

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