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Study Guide Chapter 1-5.docx - Chapter 1 1 Nutrition is...

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Chapter 11Nutrition isUsed to support health, healingand the prevention of chronicdiseases2Wellness is:A multidimensional, active process bywhich people make choices to enhancetheir lives3Good Nutrition can prevent:Scurvy, Obesity, Hypertension4The essential nutrients areVitamins, Minerals, Water, Fats,Proteins, Carbohydrates5Macronutrients are needed for:Support normal function andhealth6Protein is different fromCarbohydrates and Fats becauseit:Is made up of Hydrogen, Nitrogen,Carbon and Oxygen770 grams of Fat is whatpercentage of a 2,000 caloriediet?31.5%8The Scientific Method followsthese stepsObservation, Hypotheses,Experiment, Data Collection9The FDA relies on which type ofresearch to approve a drugClinical Trials10Which statement is true?The UL is the maximum amount ofnutrient that people should have.11Energycapacity or ability to do work12ATPthe common currency of energyfor virtually all cells of the body13Adenosine Triosphateis released when the bonds arebroken14Energy-yielding nutrients.1. Carbs 2. Lipids 3. Proteins15AlcoholNon-nutrient source16Kilocalorieused to express themeasurement of energy in foods.17Kilocaloriethe amount of energy required toraise the temperature of 1kilogram of water 1 degree celsius
Chapter 118Kilocalorie1 is equal to 1,000 calories19Calorie-upper case C used on nutritionlabels to express the energycontent.-the amount of energy needed toraise the temp. of one gram ofwater by 1 degree Celsius20Carbohydrate= 4 kcal/g21Protein= 4 kcal/g22Fat=9 kcal/g23Alcohol= 7 kcal/gnonnutrient24Primary role of nutrients-supply energy-regulate metabolism- provide structure25Trapped within bonds that keepsmolecules togetherEnergy26Is released when the bond breaksEnergy27Energy needs vary depending onAgeGenderActivity Level28Unused energyis stored predominately as Fat29More energy used than consumedresults in fat breakdown30Macronutrient“Large” nutrients the body needsin large amountsCarbs, Fats, Water, Proteins31Micronutrient“Small”, essential nutrientsneeded in smaller amounts.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Ortiz

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