RELG211 - Lecture 3

RELG211 - Lecture 3 - Vedic period: 2000-500BCE...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Vedic period: 2000-500BCE Characterized by ritual sacrifices, polytheism, the caste system -Brahmin - Priests -Kshatria - Warrior/Noble -Vaishya - Merchants -Shudras - Peasants -Untouchables Indra - Chief deity (of war and weather) Soma - psychedelic drink known for its energizing properties Varuna - God of the sky, rain, and celestial ocean as well as law and the underworld. omniscient and omnipotent in the affairs o Agni - God of fire, messenger of gods, acceptor of sacrifice Perusha - Sanskrit for soul Rig Veda - hymns Sama Veda - chance Artharva Veda - knowledge Yajur Veda - ceremonial Upanishads Between 800-500BCE: Axial age (turning of human consciousness) Brahman - underlying reality of everything that is (Salt and water example in book) (reality itself) ->Famous quote: "Thou art that." ->AUM is the sound of the universe Brahma - creator god What cannot be spoken with words but whereby which words are spoken: Atman: personal self. Beyond sound and form. Eternal, unchangeable. Without beginning or end
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RELG211 - Lecture 3 - Vedic period: 2000-500BCE...

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