Myth - Lecture 5 (new exam)

Myth - Lecture 5 (new exam) - -Greek Heroes>Arete...

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The Illiad: Illiad means literally a story about Ilium, the original name for Troy West coast of Turkey 1180BC is when it takes place Story of war between two communities: The attackers and the defenders. o_O War continued for 10 years Poem covers fight between Achilles and Agamemnon --- Historical Background Bronze Age Two worlds: Mycaenean World (Peoponnesus, Greece) ->Aggressive life (hard land) Anatolian World (Troy, Turkey, west coast) ->Powerful, wealthy (trade, strategic position) -Illiad I Oral Tradition: -Not a historical source -Collection of various older myths -Epithets - Unique feature of Greek mythology; descriptive phrase to characterize a person -Rhapsodes, ->lyre - Used by ancient Greeks and mesopotamians -Repetition -Shape of tree - Means several stories from the main body of the story -Homer's background ->Blind poet from near the Aegean sea -Not chorus - Different from other Greek myths in that there's no Chorus Homeric Hero: -Aristocratic Greeks (nobility) -Death as ultimate fate: Hero knows he will die
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Unformatted text preview: -Greek Heroes:->Arete - Excellent->Public Approval - Important in Greece to be accepted->Great honor - Lasting fame - Through immortality of his name->Great insult - To withold the honor he has earned->Hubris - Greater than his peers->Ate - rash behaviour->Nemesis - Retribution->Homeric Similes - Comparison methods Women in the Illiad:-High value upon women->Arete:-->Beauty, loyalty, intelligence-->Most honored prize-->In charge of the palace-->Greek female Divinities-Servitude and Deprivation Homeric Gods-Immortal-Knowledge of the future-All members of the same, aristocratic family-Influenced by mortals-Not perfect-No moral codes to be followed-Not all powerful-Help and advice Mortals fate:-Personality and situation-Have favorite gods/help-Responsible for their actions/fate-Important creatures-No puppets-Hero brings his Fate (death) upon himself->Kleos (immortal fame) Nestor = Oldest king Macrocosm vs Microcosm...
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