Unit 1 Vocabulary - NAME Term DEFINITION Colombian Exchange The Columbian Exchange was the widespread exchange of animals plants culture human

Unit 1 Vocabulary - NAME Term DEFINITION Colombian Exchange...

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NAME: _________________________ UNIT: ____________________________ Term DEFINITION IMPORTANCE TO UNIT or SIGNIFICANCE (sentence in your own words) Colombian Exchange The Columbian Exchange was the widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable diseases , technology and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemi spheres following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Columbian Exchange is important to American History because it introduced two worlds that had never met before, allowing people, culture, ideas, plants, animals to be exchanged forever changing the world. Missionaries a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country. Spain sent missionaries to New Spain in order to convert the native Americans to Catholic. Northwest Passage a ship route along the Arctic coast of Canada and Alaska, joining the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Northwest Passage opened up trade between the new worlds and allowed the exchange of gold, spices, and slaves. Samuel de Champlain "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. Samuel de Champlain founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. Charter a written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power, by which an institution such as a company, college, or city is created and its rights and privileges defined Wealthy Englishmen were granted charters for the King and Queen in efforts to set up government. Joint-stock Company a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders. A joint-stock company allowed businessmen to share the costs and losses, but this means that they also shared the benefits as well. John Smith John Smith Admiral of New England was an English soldier, explorer, and author. John Smith was a leader of the Virginia Colony between September 1608 and August 1609, and he also led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay.

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