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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Language Two basic elements:-Symbols: Usually things like words-Grammar: Rules for combining symbols First speech related sound:-Babblings: Meaningless syllable repetitions->Begin at around 4 months of age->All infants make the same babbling sounds regardless of where they're from->At nine months, babies use the sounds they hear in their native languages->Babies are wired to learn any language->10-12 months: Infants understand words->Age 2: Children are able to use about 300 words Language is telegraphic->Telegraphic: Brief and to the point How is it acquired?-Imitation-Biologic preparation Biologically prepared to learn language-Understand certain rules of it without being taught explicitly If someone is bilingual, they tend to perform better in both languages than someone who only knows one language Balanced Bilinguals: Someone who is equally skilled in two languages Three characteristics:-1. Superior in cognitive flexibility->Ability to be flexible in how you think about things-2. Concept formation->Ability to think about concepts and ideas-3. Creativity-------------------------------------------------------- Intelligence**: Heavily weighted on the departmental final Definition: Developed by Robert Sternberg-Three components:->1. Possession of knowledge->2. Ability to use that knowledge to reason about the world->3. Ability to use reasoning adaptively in different environments True intelligence isn't focused on just one area IQ Tests: Measure intelligence quotient History of: 1904-> French Gov't hired a psychologist named Alfred Benet-He was asked to identify school children in need of special instruction Sheet1 Page 2 Psychologist named Lewis Terman** (Exam Q!)->Wrote an english version of Benet's test-Terman developed the term "Intelligence Quotient" (IQ)->Sternberg suggested the idea of IQ to Terman Intelligence Quotient: Mental age divided by chronological age x 100-Mental age: How smart someone is in terms of ability-Chronological age: Actual age-100 is average IQ Tests were informally given before WWI-Used to assign people to appropriate jobs Wechsler IQ Test is the "state-of-the-art" test Verbal and Performance scales-Verbal: Defining vocab words or general information-Performance: Hand-eye coordination, Visual-motor coordination->Putting a puzzle together, doing a maze, building blocks (hands-on) Evaluating IQ tests- Reliability: Consistancy Validity: It measures what it is supposed to measure Prior to age 7: Children "explode" In their cognitive abilities...
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course PSYC 200 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '07 term at Lansing.
- Fall '07