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Psych Lecture 6 (New Exam)

Psych Lecture 6 (New Exam) - Language Two basic...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Language Two basic elements: -Symbols: Usually things like words -Grammar: Rules for combining symbols First speech related sound: -Babblings: Meaningless syllable repetitions ->Begin at around 4 months of age ->All infants make the same babbling sounds regardless of where they're from ->At nine months, babies use the sounds they hear in their native languages ->Babies are wired to learn any language ->10-12 months: Infants understand words ->Age 2: Children are able to use about 300 words Language is telegraphic ->Telegraphic: Brief and to the point How is it acquired? -Imitation -Biologic preparation Biologically prepared to learn language -Understand certain rules of it without being taught explicitly If someone is bilingual, they tend to perform better in both languages than someone who only knows one language Balanced Bilinguals: Someone who is equally skilled in two languages Three characteristics: -1. Superior in cognitive flexibility ->Ability to be flexible in how you think about things -2. Concept formation ->Ability to think about concepts and ideas -3. Creativity -------------------------------------------------------- Intelligence**: Heavily weighted on the departmental final Definition: Developed by Robert Sternberg -Three components: ->1. Possession of knowledge ->2. Ability to use that knowledge to reason about the world ->3. Ability to use reasoning adaptively in different environments True intelligence isn't focused on just one area IQ Tests: Measure intelligence quotient History of: 1904-> French Gov't hired a psychologist named Alfred Benet -He was asked to identify school children in need of special instruction
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Sheet1 Page 2 Psychologist named Lewis Terman** (Exam Q!) ->Wrote an english version of Benet's test -Terman developed the term "Intelligence Quotient" (IQ) ->Sternberg suggested the idea of IQ to Terman Intelligence Quotient: Mental age divided by chronological age x 100 -Mental age: How smart someone is in terms of ability -Chronological age: Actual age -100 is average IQ Tests were informally given before WWI -Used to assign people to appropriate jobs Wechsler IQ Test is the "state-of-the-art" test Verbal and Performance scales -Verbal: Defining vocab words or general information -Performance: Hand-eye coordination, Visual-motor coordination ->Putting a puzzle together, doing a maze, building blocks (hands-on) Evaluating IQ tests- Reliability: Consistancy Validity: It measures what it is supposed to measure Prior to age 7: Children "explode" In their cognitive abilities
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Psych Lecture 6 (New Exam) - Language Two basic...

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