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Study Questions - GEO 100 INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHY...

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GEO 100 – INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHY CUMULATIVE EXAM STUDY QUESTIONS BASIC CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPHY -- MODULE 1 ASSIGNMENTS - Geography Notes & Exercises - Module 1 Student Atlas of World Geography - pages ill, iv ADDITIONAL MODULE NOTES Break-in-bulk point – a town/city where a boat may unload and store its goods in order to continue the remainder of the trip by land. Also works vice versa. Aristotle predicted that the temperate zone population would develop much faster/better than the frigid/torrid zones. This ended up being false because it is a crude generalization that does not consider culture as a factor. Geography involves many variables that cannot be accounted for in a gross generalization. After the collapse of the Roman Empire (~1000 AD), Muslim scholars preserved the Greek/ Roman achievements through the Dark Ages to be utilized once again during the Renaissance. 1. What is geography? What are the three basic areas of concern and the three basic questions that geographers ask? 2. W h a t were some significant contributions of the classical scholars Aristotle and Eratosthenes to the field of geography? 3. What were some significant contributions of the modern scholars von Humbolt, Semple, Huntington and de la Blache ? 4. D i f f e r entiate between absolute location and relative location and be able to provide examples of each concept. 5. Distinguish between the site and situation of places. 6. W h a t Geography is the study of connections between people, the environment, and places. The 3 areas of concern are location, patterns, and inter-relationships. 3 basic questions are “Where is something located?” “What kind of pattern/relationship can be identified?” “Why people are located where they are?” Aristotle divided the world into regions by climate, identified the premise of environmental determinism, and postulated spherical shape of earth. Eratosthenes also thought the earth was spherical, computed near accurate equatorial circumference, credit for coining word “geography.” Humbolt laid foundations of modern physical geography. Semple and Huntington stressed role of environment in affecting human activity. De la Blache stressed role of culture in affecting people’s perception and use of the environment. Absolute location is specific and precise such as longitude/latitude or street address. Relative location is the position in reference to another place. Site is the internal make-up of a place. – The city is located at the junction of a river. Situation is the external characteristics. – The city is centrally located in the US. Spatial interaction has to do with the interaction of places separated by a distance. Distance can be measured in miles/kilometers, time, or cost. Accessibility has to do with the ease of interaction.
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