G1PassiveSentence

G1PassiveSentence - passive. The implication of this type...

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In Both English and Japanese it is possible to restate a situation that what would normally be the direct object becomes the subject. This kind of a restatement is called the passive. Mary wrote this book. -> This book was written by Mary. . – A h : U : U I N1 I /I N2 I /I Passive Verb form : N1 be Ved by N2 Ru V : drop the final –ru and add I I > > >I U-V: drop the final –u and add –areru I > > >I Irregular V:I 3 d : U (There is no passive form for -need )I 1. I I 2. I 20 I I I You cannot assume that all English passives will correspond exactly to Japanese passives or vice versa For example, Japanese uses the passive less than English, Particularly if the agent is being mentioned directly. Example) This virus was discovered by Dr. Yamanaka. : U U A type of passive that is common in Japanese is the adversative passive or indirect
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Unformatted text preview: passive. The implication of this type of sentence is that something happened and the subject was adversely affected by it or was upset about it. Note that the subject doesnt have any control over the action. The direct object of the active counterpart remains the direct object in this construction. Victim villain evil act . A h : U : An English Passive can be formed only on a transitive verb that is a verb with a direct object. A Japanese passive can be formed on an intransitive verb such as I I orI . And the resulting passive sentences are adversative passives. : l (I was taken the stereo by a thief.) I had my stereo taken by a thief. 3 d: U (I was died by my parents when I was small) I suff3ered the death of my parents when I was small....
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G1PassiveSentence - passive. The implication of this type...

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