G1PassiveSentence - passive The implication of this type of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In Both English and Japanese it is possible to restate a situation that what would normally be the direct object becomes the subject. This kind of a restatement is called the passive. Mary wrote this book. -> This book was written by Mary. . A h : U : U I N1 I /I N2 I /I Passive Verb form : N1 be Ved by N2 Ru V : drop the final –ru and add I I > > >I U-V: drop the final –u and add –areru I > > >I Irregular V:I 3 d : U (There is no passive form for -need )I 1. I I 2. I 20 I I I You cannot assume that all English passives will correspond exactly to Japanese passives or vice versa For example, Japanese uses the passive less than English, Particularly if the agent is being mentioned directly. Example) This virus was discovered by Dr. Yamanaka. : U U A type of passive that is common in Japanese is the adversative passive or indirect
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: passive. The implication of this type of sentence is that something happened and the subject was adversely affected by it or was upset about it. Note that the subject doesn’t have any control over the action. The direct object of the active counterpart remains the direct object in this construction. – Victim villain evil act . – A h : U : • An English Passive can be formed only on a transitive verb that is a verb with a direct object. A Japanese passive can be formed on an intransitive verb such as I I orI . And the resulting passive sentences are adversative passives. : l (I was taken the stereo by a thief.) I had my stereo taken by a thief. 3 d: U (I was died by my parents when I was small) I suff3ered the death of my parents when I was small....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern