202final%20review%20sheet

202final%20review%20sheet - Lesson 21 Grammar 1 Passive...

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Unformatted text preview: Lesson 21 Grammar 1: Passive Sentence (Victim) r /r (villain)r (evil act: the passive form of a verb) (r r )r Wc TM 4 Grammar2 W c 4 r W c 4 TM 4 Grammar3r W c r (Transitive Verb te-form)r W c W c 4 : A (verb the present tense short form)r B r Wc 4 r Wc 4 Wc 4 Wc 4 r r Something has been brought about on purpose by somebody. B takes place in the middle of another event A ^ ~ TM 4 A (Noun) r 4 pX c4 Br : B takes place while A D @ W c 4 W c 4 r W c TM 4 make something adjective -> W c Grammar 4: Adjective + r Wc 4 TM4 W c ^ r 4 Grammar5 W c 4 personr ^ W c 4 r TM 4 r r^ adjective: root + r r adjective: root + W c 4 Wc 4 r ^ verb te-formr ^ rr o : I want (person) to W c 4 W c 4 r do... (cf.) h V c 4 TM 4 ~ TM 4 P W c 4 a verb stem + r : I want to do... Lesson 22 Grammar 1: Causative sentence Xr Y ~ TM 4 ` V c 4 Intransitive Verb Causative form X Wc 4 X r Y r Transitive Verb Causative form TM 4 HX W [ 5 4 c Causative te-form r a 4 TM 4 ...: " 4 _ X W c 4 Causative te-form X W c something H[ 5 ~ TM 4 `V c 4 a r X W c 4 H r superior allows me to do X W c 4 r superior let somebody do H[5 something r r Causative te-form X W c H[ 5 TM4 Grammar 2: Verb stem + X W c please let me do H H[ 5 Command) Do ~ Teacher -> students/ Parents -> their children Grammar3: Clause A r Clause Br if A, then B If condition A is provided, the consequence B will follow ^ V cR 4 ^ ~ TM 4 U c 4 ar B: B despite the fact Ar ^ R ^ R Grammar 4: A (short form) r clause ^V c 4 a 4 ^R Grammar 5: noun A ^ V c is an example of B. ~ TM4 c 4 U a ^ R TM 4 ^ V c 4 noun A r You cannot have non-factual sentences like requests, and suggestions in the B ... : "4 _ ^ 4 noun B: a B like/similar to A The "A" either has the same quality or appearance as B , or ^ R ^ V c 4 ^ B (adjective, adverb, verb, sentence) done in the same way as A ^ R ^ V c 4 ^ V c TM 4 ^ ^ ...
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