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Exam Review - Culture Shock Intercultural Adaptation...

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Culture Shock & Intercultural Adaptation Sojourner… - spends as a medium length of time (6months- 5 years) in another country - expects to go home - ex: business executives, diplomats, foreign workers, students - not sojourners: tourists & immigrants Key Terms: - Culture Shock: o An emotional reaction to the problems of joining a new culture - Acculturation: o The process of adapting to a new culture Culture Shock: 1) psychological strain: effort to make psychological adjustments 2) sense of loss & feelings of deprivation b/c you are not in your own culture 3) Rejection from the primary culture. People are not going out of their way to accept you. 4) Confusion in role, expectations, values & self-identity 5) Negative emotions once you “live” cultural differences. After a while you began to get annoyed w/ how things are done after you go through the “honey moon” period. a. Ex: Americans will eventually have a problem with smells 6) Feelings of impotence- you feel stupid b/c things are done so differently. You can’t control things Culture Shock: - is primarily an emotional reaction b/c you can’t understand, control or predict behavior - some argue it is a necessary 1 st step towards adaptation - makes you more flexible and adaptable Personality Traits That Help Adaptation: - openness & willingness to try things - flexible personality: ability to modify your behavior if things are not working - optimism - not ethnocentric: ability to open up to others’ ideas Predictors of Successful Transitions in First 6 months: 1) use of local mass media: try watching English shows in another language to try to pick up vocab 2) make a local friend who speaks English 3) realistic expectations of your ability to fit in 4) knowledge of local customs and language
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Revised W-shaped Model of Culture Shock A. Honeymoon periods were you are just happy to be in a foreign culture B. Hostility: you feel like you can’t do anything & are pissed with the culture. (Spouses get unhappy with the culture faster) C. Humor: you can laugh at yourself when you do something stupid or wrong D. In-Sync: you feel like you can do things; get a cup of coffee, use transportation or know how to do things at work E. Ambivalence: you can’t wait to leave some aspects of the country, but you will miss other aspects F. Re-entry: not a problem unless you have been gone for years G. Re-socialization: how you take what you learn & then apply it in your job to help train other people From a Managerial Perspective: Re-Entry & Socialization Business Manager Returnees are classified as: - Re-socialized: fit back in really easy, distance themselves from international experience, do not bring things into their job from the other country - Alienated: is very aware of what they have learned abroad; they fall in love with the foreign way of doing things. They have a very difficult time coming back to work. They want to change the work place more than the country will actually change. They want to go back and are very dissatisfied with re-entry.
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